Speedtest - Speedtest.py

Table of contents:

#!/usr/bin/env python

-- coding: utf-8 --

Copyright 2012 Matt Martz

All Rights Reserved.

#

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the “License”); you may

not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain

a copy of the License at

#

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

#

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software

distributed under the License is distributed on an “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT

WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the

License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations

under the License.

import os import re import csv import sys import math import errno import signal import socket import timeit import datetime import platform import threading import xml.parsers.expat

try: import gzip GZIP_BASE = gzip.GzipFile except ImportError: gzip = None GZIP_BASE = object

version = ‘2.1.1’

class FakeShutdownEvent(object): “"”Class to fake a threading.Event.isSet so that users of this module are not required to register their own threading.Event() “””

@staticmethod
def isSet():
    "Dummy method to always return false"""
    return False

Some global variables we use

DEBUG = False _GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT = object()

Begin import game to handle Python 2 and Python 3

try: import json except ImportError: try: import simplejson as json except ImportError: json = None

try: import xml.etree.cElementTree as ET except ImportError: try: import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET except ImportError: from xml.dom import minidom as DOM from xml.parsers.expat import ExpatError ET = None

try: from urllib2 import (urlopen, Request, HTTPError, URLError, AbstractHTTPHandler, ProxyHandler, HTTPDefaultErrorHandler, HTTPRedirectHandler, HTTPErrorProcessor, OpenerDirector) except ImportError: from urllib.request import (urlopen, Request, HTTPError, URLError, AbstractHTTPHandler, ProxyHandler, HTTPDefaultErrorHandler, HTTPRedirectHandler, HTTPErrorProcessor, OpenerDirector)

try: from httplib import HTTPConnection, BadStatusLine except ImportError: from http.client import HTTPConnection, BadStatusLine

try: from httplib import HTTPSConnection except ImportError: try: from http.client import HTTPSConnection except ImportError: HTTPSConnection = None

try: from httplib import FakeSocket except ImportError: FakeSocket = None

try: from Queue import Queue except ImportError: from queue import Queue

try: from urlparse import urlparse except ImportError: from urllib.parse import urlparse

try: from urlparse import parse_qs except ImportError: try: from urllib.parse import parse_qs except ImportError: from cgi import parse_qs

try: from hashlib import md5 except ImportError: from md5 import md5

try: from argparse import ArgumentParser as ArgParser from argparse import SUPPRESS as ARG_SUPPRESS PARSER_TYPE_INT = int PARSER_TYPE_STR = str PARSER_TYPE_FLOAT = float except ImportError: from optparse import OptionParser as ArgParser from optparse import SUPPRESS_HELP as ARG_SUPPRESS PARSER_TYPE_INT = ‘int’ PARSER_TYPE_STR = ‘string’ PARSER_TYPE_FLOAT = ‘float’

try: from cStringIO import StringIO BytesIO = None except ImportError: try: from StringIO import StringIO BytesIO = None except ImportError: from io import StringIO, BytesIO

try: import builtin except ImportError: import builtins from io import TextIOWrapper, FileIO

class _Py3Utf8Output(TextIOWrapper):
    """UTF-8 encoded wrapper around stdout for py3, to override
    ASCII stdout
    """
    def __init__(self, f, **kwargs):
        buf = FileIO(f.fileno(), 'w')
        super(_Py3Utf8Output, self).__init__(
            buf,
            encoding='utf8',
            errors='strict'
        )

    def write(self, s):
        super(_Py3Utf8Output, self).write(s)
        self.flush()

_py3_print = getattr(builtins, 'print')
try:
    _py3_utf8_stdout = _Py3Utf8Output(sys.stdout)
    _py3_utf8_stderr = _Py3Utf8Output(sys.stderr)
except OSError:
    # sys.stdout/sys.stderr is not a compatible stdout/stderr object
    # just use it and hope things go ok
    _py3_utf8_stdout = sys.stdout
    _py3_utf8_stderr = sys.stderr

def to_utf8(v):
    """No-op encode to utf-8 for py3"""
    return v

def print_(*args, **kwargs):
    """Wrapper function for py3 to print, with a utf-8 encoded stdout"""
    if kwargs.get('file') == sys.stderr:
        kwargs['file'] = _py3_utf8_stderr
    else:
        kwargs['file'] = kwargs.get('file', _py3_utf8_stdout)
    _py3_print(*args, **kwargs) else:
del __builtin__

def to_utf8(v):
    """Encode value to utf-8 if possible for py2"""
    try:
        return v.encode('utf8', 'strict')
    except AttributeError:
        return v

def print_(*args, **kwargs):
    """The new-style print function for Python 2.4 and 2.5.

    Taken from https://pypi.python.org/pypi/six/

    Modified to set encoding to UTF-8 always, and to flush after write
    """
    fp = kwargs.pop("file", sys.stdout)
    if fp is None:
        return

    def write(data):
        if not isinstance(data, basestring):
            data = str(data)
        # If the file has an encoding, encode unicode with it.
        encoding = 'utf8'  # Always trust UTF-8 for output
        if (isinstance(fp, file) and
                isinstance(data, unicode) and
                encoding is not None):
            errors = getattr(fp, "errors", None)
            if errors is None:
                errors = "strict"
            data = data.encode(encoding, errors)
        fp.write(data)
        fp.flush()
    want_unicode = False
    sep = kwargs.pop("sep", None)
    if sep is not None:
        if isinstance(sep, unicode):
            want_unicode = True
        elif not isinstance(sep, str):
            raise TypeError("sep must be None or a string")
    end = kwargs.pop("end", None)
    if end is not None:
        if isinstance(end, unicode):
            want_unicode = True
        elif not isinstance(end, str):
            raise TypeError("end must be None or a string")
    if kwargs:
        raise TypeError("invalid keyword arguments to print()")
    if not want_unicode:
        for arg in args:
            if isinstance(arg, unicode):
                want_unicode = True
                break
    if want_unicode:
        newline = unicode("\n")
        space = unicode(" ")
    else:
        newline = "\n"
        space = " "
    if sep is None:
        sep = space
    if end is None:
        end = newline
    for i, arg in enumerate(args):
        if i:
            write(sep)
        write(arg)
    write(end)

Exception “constants” to support Python 2 through Python 3

try: import ssl try: CERT_ERROR = (ssl.CertificateError,) except AttributeError: CERT_ERROR = tuple()

HTTP_ERRORS = (
    (HTTPError, URLError, socket.error, ssl.SSLError, BadStatusLine) +
    CERT_ERROR
) except ImportError:
ssl = None
HTTP_ERRORS = (HTTPError, URLError, socket.error, BadStatusLine)

class SpeedtestException(Exception): “"”Base exception for this module”””

class SpeedtestCLIError(SpeedtestException): “"”Generic exception for raising errors during CLI operation”””

class SpeedtestHTTPError(SpeedtestException): “"”Base HTTP exception for this module”””

class SpeedtestConfigError(SpeedtestException): “"”Configuration XML is invalid”””

class SpeedtestServersError(SpeedtestException): “"”Servers XML is invalid”””

class ConfigRetrievalError(SpeedtestHTTPError): “"”Could not retrieve config.php”””

class ServersRetrievalError(SpeedtestHTTPError): “"”Could not retrieve speedtest-servers.php”””

class InvalidServerIDType(SpeedtestException): “"”Server ID used for filtering was not an integer”””

class NoMatchedServers(SpeedtestException): “"”No servers matched when filtering”””

class SpeedtestMiniConnectFailure(SpeedtestException): “"”Could not connect to the provided speedtest mini server”””

class InvalidSpeedtestMiniServer(SpeedtestException): “"”Server provided as a speedtest mini server does not actually appear to be a speedtest mini server “””

class ShareResultsConnectFailure(SpeedtestException): “"”Could not connect to speedtest.net API to POST results”””

class ShareResultsSubmitFailure(SpeedtestException): “"”Unable to successfully POST results to speedtest.net API after connection “””

class SpeedtestUploadTimeout(SpeedtestException): “"”testlength configuration reached during upload Used to ensure the upload halts when no additional data should be sent “””

class SpeedtestBestServerFailure(SpeedtestException): “"”Unable to determine best server”””

class SpeedtestMissingBestServer(SpeedtestException): “"”get_best_server not called or not able to determine best server”””

def create_connection(address, timeout=_GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, source_address=None): “"”Connect to address and return the socket object.

Convenience function.  Connect to *address* (a 2-tuple ``(host,
port)``) and return the socket object.  Passing the optional
*timeout* parameter will set the timeout on the socket instance
before attempting to connect.  If no *timeout* is supplied, the
global default timeout setting returned by :func:`getdefaulttimeout`
is used.  If *source_address* is set it must be a tuple of (host, port)
for the socket to bind as a source address before making the connection.
An host of '' or port 0 tells the OS to use the default.

Largely vendored from Python 2.7, modified to work with Python 2.4
"""

host, port = address
err = None
for res in socket.getaddrinfo(host, port, 0, socket.SOCK_STREAM):
    af, socktype, proto, canonname, sa = res
    sock = None
    try:
        sock = socket.socket(af, socktype, proto)
        if timeout is not _GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT:
            sock.settimeout(float(timeout))
        if source_address:
            sock.bind(source_address)
        sock.connect(sa)
        return sock

    except socket.error:
        err = get_exception()
        if sock is not None:
            sock.close()

if err is not None:
    raise err
else:
    raise socket.error("getaddrinfo returns an empty list")

class SpeedtestHTTPConnection(HTTPConnection): “"”Custom HTTPConnection to support source_address across Python 2.4 - Python 3 “”” def init(self, *args, **kwargs): source_address = kwargs.pop(‘source_address’, None) timeout = kwargs.pop(‘timeout’, 10)

    HTTPConnection.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)

    self.source_address = source_address
    self.timeout = timeout

def connect(self):
    """Connect to the host and port specified in __init__."""
    try:
        self.sock = socket.create_connection(
            (self.host, self.port),
            self.timeout,
            self.source_address
        )
    except (AttributeError, TypeError):
        self.sock = create_connection(
            (self.host, self.port),
            self.timeout,
            self.source_address
        )

if HTTPSConnection: class SpeedtestHTTPSConnection(HTTPSConnection, SpeedtestHTTPConnection): “"”Custom HTTPSConnection to support source_address across Python 2.4 - Python 3 “”” def init(self, *args, **kwargs): source_address = kwargs.pop(‘source_address’, None) timeout = kwargs.pop(‘timeout’, 10)

        HTTPSConnection.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)

        self.timeout = timeout
        self.source_address = source_address

    def connect(self):
        "Connect to a host on a given (SSL) port."

        SpeedtestHTTPConnection.connect(self)

        if ssl:
            try:
                kwargs = {}
                if hasattr(ssl, 'SSLContext'):
                    kwargs['server_hostname'] = self.host
                self.sock = self._context.wrap_socket(self.sock, **kwargs)
            except AttributeError:
                self.sock = ssl.wrap_socket(self.sock)
                try:
                    self.sock.server_hostname = self.host
                except AttributeError:
                    pass
        elif FakeSocket:
            # Python 2.4/2.5 support
            try:
                self.sock = FakeSocket(self.sock, socket.ssl(self.sock))
            except AttributeError:
                raise SpeedtestException(
                    'This version of Python does not support HTTPS/SSL '
                    'functionality'
                )
        else:
            raise SpeedtestException(
                'This version of Python does not support HTTPS/SSL '
                'functionality'
            )

def _build_connection(connection, source_address, timeout, context=None): “"”Cross Python 2.4 - Python 3 callable to build an HTTPConnection or HTTPSConnection with the args we need

Called from ``http(s)_open`` methods of ``SpeedtestHTTPHandler`` or
``SpeedtestHTTPSHandler``
"""
def inner(host, **kwargs):
    kwargs.update({
        'source_address': source_address,
        'timeout': timeout
    })
    if context:
        kwargs['context'] = context
    return connection(host, **kwargs)
return inner

class SpeedtestHTTPHandler(AbstractHTTPHandler): “"”Custom HTTPHandler that can build a HTTPConnection with the args we need for source_address and timeout “”” def init(self, debuglevel=0, source_address=None, timeout=10): AbstractHTTPHandler.init(self, debuglevel) self.source_address = source_address self.timeout = timeout

def http_open(self, req):
    return self.do_open(
        _build_connection(
            SpeedtestHTTPConnection,
            self.source_address,
            self.timeout
        ),
        req
    )

http_request = AbstractHTTPHandler.do_request_

class SpeedtestHTTPSHandler(AbstractHTTPHandler): “"”Custom HTTPSHandler that can build a HTTPSConnection with the args we need for source_address and timeout “”” def init(self, debuglevel=0, context=None, source_address=None, timeout=10): AbstractHTTPHandler.init(self, debuglevel) self._context = context self.source_address = source_address self.timeout = timeout

def https_open(self, req):
    return self.do_open(
        _build_connection(
            SpeedtestHTTPSConnection,
            self.source_address,
            self.timeout,
            context=self._context,
        ),
        req
    )

https_request = AbstractHTTPHandler.do_request_

def build_opener(source_address=None, timeout=10): “"”Function similar to urllib2.build_opener that will build an OpenerDirector with the explicit handlers we want, source_address for binding, timeout and our custom User-Agent “””

printer('Timeout set to %d' % timeout, debug=True)

if source_address:
    source_address_tuple = (source_address, 0)
    printer('Binding to source address: %r' % (source_address_tuple,),
            debug=True)
else:
    source_address_tuple = None

handlers = [
    ProxyHandler(),
    SpeedtestHTTPHandler(source_address=source_address_tuple,
                         timeout=timeout),
    SpeedtestHTTPSHandler(source_address=source_address_tuple,
                          timeout=timeout),
    HTTPDefaultErrorHandler(),
    HTTPRedirectHandler(),
    HTTPErrorProcessor()
]

opener = OpenerDirector()
opener.addheaders = [('User-agent', build_user_agent())]

for handler in handlers:
    opener.add_handler(handler)

return opener

class GzipDecodedResponse(GZIP_BASE): “"”A file-like object to decode a response encoded with the gzip method, as described in RFC 1952.

Largely copied from ``xmlrpclib``/``xmlrpc.client`` and modified
to work for py2.4-py3
"""
def __init__(self, response):
    # response doesn't support tell() and read(), required by
    # GzipFile
    if not gzip:
        raise SpeedtestHTTPError('HTTP response body is gzip encoded, '
                                 'but gzip support is not available')
    IO = BytesIO or StringIO
    self.io = IO()
    while 1:
        chunk = response.read(1024)
        if len(chunk) == 0:
            break
        self.io.write(chunk)
    self.io.seek(0)
    gzip.GzipFile.__init__(self, mode='rb', fileobj=self.io)

def close(self):
    try:
        gzip.GzipFile.close(self)
    finally:
        self.io.close()

def get_exception(): “"”Helper function to work with py2.4-py3 for getting the current exception in a try/except block “”” return sys.exc_info()[1]

def distance(origin, destination): “"”Determine distance between 2 sets of [lat,lon] in km”””

lat1, lon1 = origin
lat2, lon2 = destination
radius = 6371  # km

dlat = math.radians(lat2 - lat1)
dlon = math.radians(lon2 - lon1)
a = (math.sin(dlat / 2) * math.sin(dlat / 2) +
     math.cos(math.radians(lat1)) *
     math.cos(math.radians(lat2)) * math.sin(dlon / 2) *
     math.sin(dlon / 2))
c = 2 * math.atan2(math.sqrt(a), math.sqrt(1 - a))
d = radius * c

return d

def build_user_agent(): “"”Build a Mozilla/5.0 compatible User-Agent string”””

ua_tuple = (
    'Mozilla/5.0',
    '(%s; U; %s; en-us)' % (platform.platform(),
                            platform.architecture()[0]),
    'Python/%s' % platform.python_version(),
    '(KHTML, like Gecko)',
    'speedtest-cli/%s' % __version__
)
user_agent = ' '.join(ua_tuple)
printer('User-Agent: %s' % user_agent, debug=True)
return user_agent

def build_request(url, data=None, headers=None, bump=’0’, secure=False): “"”Build a urllib2 request object

This function automatically adds a User-Agent header to all requests

"""

if not headers:
    headers = {}

if url[0] == ':':
    scheme = ('http', 'https')[bool(secure)]
    schemed_url = '%s%s' % (scheme, url)
else:
    schemed_url = url

if '?' in url:
    delim = '&'
else:
    delim = '?'

# WHO YOU GONNA CALL? CACHE BUSTERS!
final_url = '%s%sx=%s.%s' % (schemed_url, delim,
                             int(timeit.time.time() * 1000),
                             bump)

headers.update({
    'Cache-Control': 'no-cache',
})

printer('%s %s' % (('GET', 'POST')[bool(data)], final_url),
        debug=True)

return Request(final_url, data=data, headers=headers)

def catch_request(request, opener=None): “"”Helper function to catch common exceptions encountered when establishing a connection with a HTTP/HTTPS request

"""

if opener:
    _open = opener.open
else:
    _open = urlopen

try:
    uh = _open(request)
    if request.get_full_url() != uh.geturl():
        printer('Redirected to %s' % uh.geturl(), debug=True)
    return uh, False
except HTTP_ERRORS:
    e = get_exception()
    return None, e

def get_response_stream(response): “"”Helper function to return either a Gzip reader if Content-Encoding is gzip otherwise the response itself

"""

try:
    getheader = response.headers.getheader
except AttributeError:
    getheader = response.getheader

if getheader('content-encoding') == 'gzip':
    return GzipDecodedResponse(response)

return response

def get_attributes_by_tag_name(dom, tag_name): “"”Retrieve an attribute from an XML document and return it in a consistent format

Only used with xml.dom.minidom, which is likely only to be used
with python versions older than 2.5
"""
elem = dom.getElementsByTagName(tag_name)[0]
return dict(list(elem.attributes.items()))

def print_dots(shutdown_event): “"”Built in callback function used by Thread classes for printing status “”” def inner(current, total, start=False, end=False): if shutdown_event.isSet(): return

    sys.stdout.write('.')
    if current + 1 == total and end is True:
        sys.stdout.write('\n')
    sys.stdout.flush()
return inner

def do_nothing(*args, **kwargs): pass

class HTTPDownloader(threading.Thread): “"”Thread class for retrieving a URL”””

def __init__(self, i, request, start, timeout, opener=None,
             shutdown_event=None):
    threading.Thread.__init__(self)
    self.request = request
    self.result = [0]
    self.starttime = start
    self.timeout = timeout
    self.i = i
    if opener:
        self._opener = opener.open
    else:
        self._opener = urlopen

    if shutdown_event:
        self._shutdown_event = shutdown_event
    else:
        self._shutdown_event = FakeShutdownEvent()

def run(self):
    try:
        if (timeit.default_timer() - self.starttime) <= self.timeout:
            f = self._opener(self.request)
            while (not self._shutdown_event.isSet() and
                    (timeit.default_timer() - self.starttime) <=
                    self.timeout):
                self.result.append(len(f.read(10240)))
                if self.result[-1] == 0:
                    break
            f.close()
    except IOError:
        pass

class HTTPUploaderData(object): “"”File like object to improve cutting off the upload once the timeout has been reached “””

def __init__(self, length, start, timeout, shutdown_event=None):
    self.length = length
    self.start = start
    self.timeout = timeout

    if shutdown_event:
        self._shutdown_event = shutdown_event
    else:
        self._shutdown_event = FakeShutdownEvent()

    self._data = None

    self.total = [0]

def pre_allocate(self):
    chars = '0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ'
    multiplier = int(round(int(self.length) / 36.0))
    IO = BytesIO or StringIO
    try:
        self._data = IO(
            ('content1=%s' %
             (chars * multiplier)[0:int(self.length) - 9]
             ).encode()
        )
    except MemoryError:
        raise SpeedtestCLIError(
            'Insufficient memory to pre-allocate upload data. Please '
            'use --no-pre-allocate'
        )

@property
def data(self):
    if not self._data:
        self.pre_allocate()
    return self._data

def read(self, n=10240):
    if ((timeit.default_timer() - self.start) <= self.timeout and
            not self._shutdown_event.isSet()):
        chunk = self.data.read(n)
        self.total.append(len(chunk))
        return chunk
    else:
        raise SpeedtestUploadTimeout()

def __len__(self):
    return self.length

class HTTPUploader(threading.Thread): “"”Thread class for putting a URL”””

def __init__(self, i, request, start, size, timeout, opener=None,
             shutdown_event=None):
    threading.Thread.__init__(self)
    self.request = request
    self.request.data.start = self.starttime = start
    self.size = size
    self.result = None
    self.timeout = timeout
    self.i = i

    if opener:
        self._opener = opener.open
    else:
        self._opener = urlopen

    if shutdown_event:
        self._shutdown_event = shutdown_event
    else:
        self._shutdown_event = FakeShutdownEvent()

def run(self):
    request = self.request
    try:
        if ((timeit.default_timer() - self.starttime) <= self.timeout and
                not self._shutdown_event.isSet()):
            try:
                f = self._opener(request)
            except TypeError:
                # PY24 expects a string or buffer
                # This also causes issues with Ctrl-C, but we will concede
                # for the moment that Ctrl-C on PY24 isn't immediate
                request = build_request(self.request.get_full_url(),
                                        data=request.data.read(self.size))
                f = self._opener(request)
            f.read(11)
            f.close()
            self.result = sum(self.request.data.total)
        else:
            self.result = 0
    except (IOError, SpeedtestUploadTimeout):
        self.result = sum(self.request.data.total)

class SpeedtestResults(object): “"”Class for holding the results of a speedtest, including:

Download speed
Upload speed
Ping/Latency to test server
Data about server that the test was run against

Additionally this class can return a result data as a dictionary or CSV,
as well as submit a POST of the result data to the speedtest.net API
to get a share results image link.
"""

def __init__(self, download=0, upload=0, ping=0, server=None, client=None,
             opener=None, secure=False):
    self.download = download
    self.upload = upload
    self.ping = ping
    if server is None:
        self.server = {}
    else:
        self.server = server
    self.client = client or {}

    self._share = None
    self.timestamp = '%sZ' % datetime.datetime.utcnow().isoformat()
    self.bytes_received = 0
    self.bytes_sent = 0

    if opener:
        self._opener = opener
    else:
        self._opener = build_opener()

    self._secure = secure

def __repr__(self):
    return repr(self.dict())

def share(self):
    """POST data to the speedtest.net API to obtain a share results
    link
    """

    if self._share:
        return self._share

    download = int(round(self.download / 1000.0, 0))
    ping = int(round(self.ping, 0))
    upload = int(round(self.upload / 1000.0, 0))

    # Build the request to send results back to speedtest.net
    # We use a list instead of a dict because the API expects parameters
    # in a certain order
    api_data = [
        'recommendedserverid=%s' % self.server['id'],
        'ping=%s' % ping,
        'screenresolution=',
        'promo=',
        'download=%s' % download,
        'screendpi=',
        'upload=%s' % upload,
        'testmethod=http',
        'hash=%s' % md5(('%s-%s-%s-%s' %
                         (ping, upload, download, '297aae72'))
                        .encode()).hexdigest(),
        'touchscreen=none',
        'startmode=pingselect',
        'accuracy=1',
        'bytesreceived=%s' % self.bytes_received,
        'bytessent=%s' % self.bytes_sent,
        'serverid=%s' % self.server['id'],
    ]

    headers = {'Referer': 'http://c.speedtest.net/flash/speedtest.swf'}
    request = build_request('://www.speedtest.net/api/api.php',
                            data='&'.join(api_data).encode(),
                            headers=headers, secure=self._secure)
    f, e = catch_request(request, opener=self._opener)
    if e:
        raise ShareResultsConnectFailure(e)

    response = f.read()
    code = f.code
    f.close()

    if int(code) != 200:
        raise ShareResultsSubmitFailure('Could not submit results to '
                                        'speedtest.net')

    qsargs = parse_qs(response.decode())
    resultid = qsargs.get('resultid')
    if not resultid or len(resultid) != 1:
        raise ShareResultsSubmitFailure('Could not submit results to '
                                        'speedtest.net')

    self._share = 'http://www.speedtest.net/result/%s.png' % resultid[0]

    return self._share

def dict(self):
    """Return dictionary of result data"""

    return {
        'download': self.download,
        'upload': self.upload,
        'ping': self.ping,
        'server': self.server,
        'timestamp': self.timestamp,
        'bytes_sent': self.bytes_sent,
        'bytes_received': self.bytes_received,
        'share': self._share,
        'client': self.client,
    }

@staticmethod
def csv_header(delimiter=','):
    """Return CSV Headers"""

    row = ['Server ID', 'Sponsor', 'Server Name', 'Timestamp', 'Distance',
           'Ping', 'Download', 'Upload', 'Share', 'IP Address']
    out = StringIO()
    writer = csv.writer(out, delimiter=delimiter, lineterminator='')
    writer.writerow([to_utf8(v) for v in row])
    return out.getvalue()

def csv(self, delimiter=','):
    """Return data in CSV format"""

    data = self.dict()
    out = StringIO()
    writer = csv.writer(out, delimiter=delimiter, lineterminator='')
    row = [data['server']['id'], data['server']['sponsor'],
           data['server']['name'], data['timestamp'],
           data['server']['d'], data['ping'], data['download'],
           data['upload'], self._share or '', self.client['ip']]
    writer.writerow([to_utf8(v) for v in row])
    return out.getvalue()

def json(self, pretty=False):
    """Return data in JSON format"""

    kwargs = {}
    if pretty:
        kwargs.update({
            'indent': 4,
            'sort_keys': True
        })
    return json.dumps(self.dict(), **kwargs)

class Speedtest(object): “"”Class for performing standard speedtest.net testing operations”””

def __init__(self, config=None, source_address=None, timeout=10,
             secure=False, shutdown_event=None):
    self.config = {}

    self._source_address = source_address
    self._timeout = timeout
    self._opener = build_opener(source_address, timeout)

    self._secure = secure

    if shutdown_event:
        self._shutdown_event = shutdown_event
    else:
        self._shutdown_event = FakeShutdownEvent()

    self.get_config()
    if config is not None:
        self.config.update(config)

    self.servers = {}
    self.closest = []
    self._best = {}

    self.results = SpeedtestResults(
        client=self.config['client'],
        opener=self._opener,
        secure=secure,
    )

@property
def best(self):
    if not self._best:
        self.get_best_server()
    return self._best

def get_config(self):
    """Download the speedtest.net configuration and return only the data
    we are interested in
    """

    headers = {}
    if gzip:
        headers['Accept-Encoding'] = 'gzip'
    request = build_request('://www.speedtest.net/speedtest-config.php',
                            headers=headers, secure=self._secure)
    uh, e = catch_request(request, opener=self._opener)
    if e:
        raise ConfigRetrievalError(e)
    configxml_list = []

    stream = get_response_stream(uh)

    while 1:
        try:
            configxml_list.append(stream.read(1024))
        except (OSError, EOFError):
            raise ConfigRetrievalError(get_exception())
        if len(configxml_list[-1]) == 0:
            break
    stream.close()
    uh.close()

    if int(uh.code) != 200:
        return None

    configxml = ''.encode().join(configxml_list)

    printer('Config XML:\n%s' % configxml, debug=True)

    try:
        try:
            root = ET.fromstring(configxml)
        except ET.ParseError:
            e = get_exception()
            raise SpeedtestConfigError(
                'Malformed speedtest.net configuration: %s' % e
            )
        server_config = root.find('server-config').attrib
        download = root.find('download').attrib
        upload = root.find('upload').attrib
        # times = root.find('times').attrib
        client = root.find('client').attrib

    except AttributeError:
        try:
            root = DOM.parseString(configxml)
        except ExpatError:
            e = get_exception()
            raise SpeedtestConfigError(
                'Malformed speedtest.net configuration: %s' % e
            )
        server_config = get_attributes_by_tag_name(root, 'server-config')
        download = get_attributes_by_tag_name(root, 'download')
        upload = get_attributes_by_tag_name(root, 'upload')
        # times = get_attributes_by_tag_name(root, 'times')
        client = get_attributes_by_tag_name(root, 'client')

    ignore_servers = list(
        map(int, server_config['ignoreids'].split(','))
    )

    ratio = int(upload['ratio'])
    upload_max = int(upload['maxchunkcount'])
    up_sizes = [32768, 65536, 131072, 262144, 524288, 1048576, 7340032]
    sizes = {
        'upload': up_sizes[ratio - 1:],
        'download': [350, 500, 750, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500,
                     3000, 3500, 4000]
    }

    size_count = len(sizes['upload'])

    upload_count = int(math.ceil(upload_max / size_count))

    counts = {
        'upload': upload_count,
        'download': int(download['threadsperurl'])
    }

    threads = {
        'upload': int(upload['threads']),
        'download': int(server_config['threadcount']) * 2
    }

    length = {
        'upload': int(upload['testlength']),
        'download': int(download['testlength'])
    }

    self.config.update({
        'client': client,
        'ignore_servers': ignore_servers,
        'sizes': sizes,
        'counts': counts,
        'threads': threads,
        'length': length,
        'upload_max': upload_count * size_count
    })

    try:
        self.lat_lon = (float(client['lat']), float(client['lon']))
    except ValueError:
        raise SpeedtestConfigError(
            'Unknown location: lat=%r lon=%r' %
            (client.get('lat'), client.get('lon'))
        )

    printer('Config:\n%r' % self.config, debug=True)

    return self.config

def get_servers(self, servers=None, exclude=None):
    """Retrieve a the list of speedtest.net servers, optionally filtered
    to servers matching those specified in the ``servers`` argument
    """
    if servers is None:
        servers = []

    if exclude is None:
        exclude = []

    self.servers.clear()

    for server_list in (servers, exclude):
        for i, s in enumerate(server_list):
            try:
                server_list[i] = int(s)
            except ValueError:
                raise InvalidServerIDType(
                    '%s is an invalid server type, must be int' % s
                )

    urls = [
        '://www.speedtest.net/speedtest-servers-static.php',
        'http://c.speedtest.net/speedtest-servers-static.php',
        '://www.speedtest.net/speedtest-servers.php',
        'http://c.speedtest.net/speedtest-servers.php',
    ]

    headers = {}
    if gzip:
        headers['Accept-Encoding'] = 'gzip'

    errors = []
    for url in urls:
        try:
            request = build_request(
                '%s?threads=%s' % (url,
                                   self.config['threads']['download']),
                headers=headers,
                secure=self._secure
            )
            uh, e = catch_request(request, opener=self._opener)
            if e:
                errors.append('%s' % e)
                raise ServersRetrievalError()

            stream = get_response_stream(uh)

            serversxml_list = []
            while 1:
                try:
                    serversxml_list.append(stream.read(1024))
                except (OSError, EOFError):
                    raise ServersRetrievalError(get_exception())
                if len(serversxml_list[-1]) == 0:
                    break

            stream.close()
            uh.close()

            if int(uh.code) != 200:
                raise ServersRetrievalError()

            serversxml = ''.encode().join(serversxml_list)

            printer('Servers XML:\n%s' % serversxml, debug=True)

            try:
                try:
                    try:
                        root = ET.fromstring(serversxml)
                    except ET.ParseError:
                        e = get_exception()
                        raise SpeedtestServersError(
                            'Malformed speedtest.net server list: %s' % e
                        )
                    elements = root.getiterator('server')
                except AttributeError:
                    try:
                        root = DOM.parseString(serversxml)
                    except ExpatError:
                        e = get_exception()
                        raise SpeedtestServersError(
                            'Malformed speedtest.net server list: %s' % e
                        )
                    elements = root.getElementsByTagName('server')
            except (SyntaxError, xml.parsers.expat.ExpatError):
                raise ServersRetrievalError()

            for server in elements:
                try:
                    attrib = server.attrib
                except AttributeError:
                    attrib = dict(list(server.attributes.items()))

                if servers and int(attrib.get('id')) not in servers:
                    continue

                if (int(attrib.get('id')) in self.config['ignore_servers']
                        or int(attrib.get('id')) in exclude):
                    continue

                try:
                    d = distance(self.lat_lon,
                                 (float(attrib.get('lat')),
                                  float(attrib.get('lon'))))
                except Exception:
                    continue

                attrib['d'] = d

                try:
                    self.servers[d].append(attrib)
                except KeyError:
                    self.servers[d] = [attrib]

            break

        except ServersRetrievalError:
            continue

    if (servers or exclude) and not self.servers:
        raise NoMatchedServers()

    return self.servers

def set_mini_server(self, server):
    """Instead of querying for a list of servers, set a link to a
    speedtest mini server
    """

    urlparts = urlparse(server)

    name, ext = os.path.splitext(urlparts[2])
    if ext:
        url = os.path.dirname(server)
    else:
        url = server

    request = build_request(url)
    uh, e = catch_request(request, opener=self._opener)
    if e:
        raise SpeedtestMiniConnectFailure('Failed to connect to %s' %
                                          server)
    else:
        text = uh.read()
        uh.close()

    extension = re.findall('upload_?[Ee]xtension: "([^"]+)"',
                           text.decode())
    if not extension:
        for ext in ['php', 'asp', 'aspx', 'jsp']:
            try:
                f = self._opener.open(
                    '%s/speedtest/upload.%s' % (url, ext)
                )
            except Exception:
                pass
            else:
                data = f.read().strip().decode()
                if (f.code == 200 and
                        len(data.splitlines()) == 1 and
                        re.match('size=[0-9]', data)):
                    extension = [ext]
                    break
    if not urlparts or not extension:
        raise InvalidSpeedtestMiniServer('Invalid Speedtest Mini Server: '
                                         '%s' % server)

    self.servers = [{
        'sponsor': 'Speedtest Mini',
        'name': urlparts[1],
        'd': 0,
        'url': '%s/speedtest/upload.%s' % (url.rstrip('/'), extension[0]),
        'latency': 0,
        'id': 0
    }]

    return self.servers

def get_closest_servers(self, limit=5):
    """Limit servers to the closest speedtest.net servers based on
    geographic distance
    """

    if not self.servers:
        self.get_servers()

    for d in sorted(self.servers.keys()):
        for s in self.servers[d]:
            self.closest.append(s)
            if len(self.closest) == limit:
                break
        else:
            continue
        break

    printer('Closest Servers:\n%r' % self.closest, debug=True)
    return self.closest

def get_best_server(self, servers=None):
    """Perform a speedtest.net "ping" to determine which speedtest.net
    server has the lowest latency
    """

    if not servers:
        if not self.closest:
            servers = self.get_closest_servers()
        servers = self.closest

    if self._source_address:
        source_address_tuple = (self._source_address, 0)
    else:
        source_address_tuple = None

    user_agent = build_user_agent()

    results = {}
    for server in servers:
        cum = []
        url = os.path.dirname(server['url'])
        stamp = int(timeit.time.time() * 1000)
        latency_url = '%s/latency.txt?x=%s' % (url, stamp)
        for i in range(0, 3):
            this_latency_url = '%s.%s' % (latency_url, i)
            printer('%s %s' % ('GET', this_latency_url),
                    debug=True)
            urlparts = urlparse(latency_url)
            try:
                if urlparts[0] == 'https':
                    h = SpeedtestHTTPSConnection(
                        urlparts[1],
                        source_address=source_address_tuple
                    )
                else:
                    h = SpeedtestHTTPConnection(
                        urlparts[1],
                        source_address=source_address_tuple
                    )
                headers = {'User-Agent': user_agent}
                path = '%s?%s' % (urlparts[2], urlparts[4])
                start = timeit.default_timer()
                h.request("GET", path, headers=headers)
                r = h.getresponse()
                total = (timeit.default_timer() - start)
            except HTTP_ERRORS:
                e = get_exception()
                printer('ERROR: %r' % e, debug=True)
                cum.append(3600)
                continue

            text = r.read(9)
            if int(r.status) == 200 and text == 'test=test'.encode():
                cum.append(total)
            else:
                cum.append(3600)
            h.close()

        avg = round((sum(cum) / 6) * 1000.0, 3)
        results[avg] = server

    try:
        fastest = sorted(results.keys())[0]
    except IndexError:
        raise SpeedtestBestServerFailure('Unable to connect to servers to '
                                         'test latency.')
    best = results[fastest]
    best['latency'] = fastest

    self.results.ping = fastest
    self.results.server = best

    self._best.update(best)
    printer('Best Server:\n%r' % best, debug=True)
    return best

def download(self, callback=do_nothing, threads=None):
    """Test download speed against speedtest.net

    A ``threads`` value of ``None`` will fall back to those dictated
    by the speedtest.net configuration
    """

    urls = []
    for size in self.config['sizes']['download']:
        for _ in range(0, self.config['counts']['download']):
            urls.append('%s/random%sx%s.jpg' %
                        (os.path.dirname(self.best['url']), size, size))

    request_count = len(urls)
    requests = []
    for i, url in enumerate(urls):
        requests.append(
            build_request(url, bump=i, secure=self._secure)
        )

    def producer(q, requests, request_count):
        for i, request in enumerate(requests):
            thread = HTTPDownloader(
                i,
                request,
                start,
                self.config['length']['download'],
                opener=self._opener,
                shutdown_event=self._shutdown_event
            )
            thread.start()
            q.put(thread, True)
            callback(i, request_count, start=True)

    finished = []

    def consumer(q, request_count):
        while len(finished) < request_count:
            thread = q.get(True)
            while thread.isAlive():
                thread.join(timeout=0.1)
            finished.append(sum(thread.result))
            callback(thread.i, request_count, end=True)

    q = Queue(threads or self.config['threads']['download'])
    prod_thread = threading.Thread(target=producer,
                                   args=(q, requests, request_count))
    cons_thread = threading.Thread(target=consumer,
                                   args=(q, request_count))
    start = timeit.default_timer()
    prod_thread.start()
    cons_thread.start()
    while prod_thread.isAlive():
        prod_thread.join(timeout=0.1)
    while cons_thread.isAlive():
        cons_thread.join(timeout=0.1)

    stop = timeit.default_timer()
    self.results.bytes_received = sum(finished)
    self.results.download = (
        (self.results.bytes_received / (stop - start)) * 8.0
    )
    if self.results.download > 100000:
        self.config['threads']['upload'] = 8
    return self.results.download

def upload(self, callback=do_nothing, pre_allocate=True, threads=None):
    """Test upload speed against speedtest.net

    A ``threads`` value of ``None`` will fall back to those dictated
    by the speedtest.net configuration
    """

    sizes = []

    for size in self.config['sizes']['upload']:
        for _ in range(0, self.config['counts']['upload']):
            sizes.append(size)

    # request_count = len(sizes)
    request_count = self.config['upload_max']

    requests = []
    for i, size in enumerate(sizes):
        # We set ``0`` for ``start`` and handle setting the actual
        # ``start`` in ``HTTPUploader`` to get better measurements
        data = HTTPUploaderData(
            size,
            0,
            self.config['length']['upload'],
            shutdown_event=self._shutdown_event
        )
        if pre_allocate:
            data.pre_allocate()

        headers = {'Content-length': size}
        requests.append(
            (
                build_request(self.best['url'], data, secure=self._secure,
                              headers=headers),
                size
            )
        )

    def producer(q, requests, request_count):
        for i, request in enumerate(requests[:request_count]):
            thread = HTTPUploader(
                i,
                request[0],
                start,
                request[1],
                self.config['length']['upload'],
                opener=self._opener,
                shutdown_event=self._shutdown_event
            )
            thread.start()
            q.put(thread, True)
            callback(i, request_count, start=True)

    finished = []

    def consumer(q, request_count):
        while len(finished) < request_count:
            thread = q.get(True)
            while thread.isAlive():
                thread.join(timeout=0.1)
            finished.append(thread.result)
            callback(thread.i, request_count, end=True)

    q = Queue(threads or self.config['threads']['upload'])
    prod_thread = threading.Thread(target=producer,
                                   args=(q, requests, request_count))
    cons_thread = threading.Thread(target=consumer,
                                   args=(q, request_count))
    start = timeit.default_timer()
    prod_thread.start()
    cons_thread.start()
    while prod_thread.isAlive():
        prod_thread.join(timeout=0.1)
    while cons_thread.isAlive():
        cons_thread.join(timeout=0.1)

    stop = timeit.default_timer()
    self.results.bytes_sent = sum(finished)
    self.results.upload = (
        (self.results.bytes_sent / (stop - start)) * 8.0
    )
    return self.results.upload

def ctrl_c(shutdown_event): “"”Catch Ctrl-C key sequence and set a SHUTDOWN_EVENT for our threaded operations “”” def inner(signum, frame): shutdown_event.set() printer(‘\nCancelling…’, error=True) sys.exit(0) return inner

def version(): “"”Print the version”””

printer('speedtest-cli %s' % __version__)
printer('Python %s' % sys.version.replace('\n', ''))
sys.exit(0)

def csv_header(delimiter=’,’): “"”Print the CSV Headers”””

printer(SpeedtestResults.csv_header(delimiter=delimiter))
sys.exit(0)

def parse_args(): “"”Function to handle building and parsing of command line arguments””” description = ( ‘Command line interface for testing internet bandwidth using ‘ ‘speedtest.net.\n’ ‘————————————————————’ ‘————–\n’ ‘https://github.com/sivel/speedtest-cli’)

parser = ArgParser(description=description)
# Give optparse.OptionParser an `add_argument` method for
# compatibility with argparse.ArgumentParser
try:
    parser.add_argument = parser.add_option
except AttributeError:
    pass
parser.add_argument('--no-download', dest='download', default=True,
                    action='store_const', const=False,
                    help='Do not perform download test')
parser.add_argument('--no-upload', dest='upload', default=True,
                    action='store_const', const=False,
                    help='Do not perform upload test')
parser.add_argument('--single', default=False, action='store_true',
                    help='Only use a single connection instead of '
                         'multiple. This simulates a typical file '
                         'transfer.')
parser.add_argument('--bytes', dest='units', action='store_const',
                    const=('byte', 8), default=('bit', 1),
                    help='Display values in bytes instead of bits. Does '
                         'not affect the image generated by --share, nor '
                         'output from --json or --csv')
parser.add_argument('--share', action='store_true',
                    help='Generate and provide a URL to the speedtest.net '
                         'share results image, not displayed with --csv')
parser.add_argument('--simple', action='store_true', default=False,
                    help='Suppress verbose output, only show basic '
                         'information')
parser.add_argument('--csv', action='store_true', default=False,
                    help='Suppress verbose output, only show basic '
                         'information in CSV format. Speeds listed in '
                         'bit/s and not affected by --bytes')
parser.add_argument('--csv-delimiter', default=',', type=PARSER_TYPE_STR,
                    help='Single character delimiter to use in CSV '
                         'output. Default ","')
parser.add_argument('--csv-header', action='store_true', default=False,
                    help='Print CSV headers')
parser.add_argument('--json', action='store_true', default=False,
                    help='Suppress verbose output, only show basic '
                         'information in JSON format. Speeds listed in '
                         'bit/s and not affected by --bytes')
parser.add_argument('--list', action='store_true',
                    help='Display a list of speedtest.net servers '
                         'sorted by distance')
parser.add_argument('--server', type=PARSER_TYPE_INT, action='append',
                    help='Specify a server ID to test against. Can be '
                         'supplied multiple times')
parser.add_argument('--exclude', type=PARSER_TYPE_INT, action='append',
                    help='Exclude a server from selection. Can be '
                         'supplied multiple times')
parser.add_argument('--mini', help='URL of the Speedtest Mini server')
parser.add_argument('--source', help='Source IP address to bind to')
parser.add_argument('--timeout', default=10, type=PARSER_TYPE_FLOAT,
                    help='HTTP timeout in seconds. Default 10')
parser.add_argument('--secure', action='store_true',
                    help='Use HTTPS instead of HTTP when communicating '
                         'with speedtest.net operated servers')
parser.add_argument('--no-pre-allocate', dest='pre_allocate',
                    action='store_const', default=True, const=False,
                    help='Do not pre allocate upload data. Pre allocation '
                         'is enabled by default to improve upload '
                         'performance. To support systems with '
                         'insufficient memory, use this option to avoid a '
                         'MemoryError')
parser.add_argument('--version', action='store_true',
                    help='Show the version number and exit')
parser.add_argument('--debug', action='store_true',
                    help=ARG_SUPPRESS, default=ARG_SUPPRESS)

options = parser.parse_args()
if isinstance(options, tuple):
    args = options[0]
else:
    args = options
return args

def validate_optional_args(args): “"”Check if an argument was provided that depends on a module that may not be part of the Python standard library.

If such an argument is supplied, and the module does not exist, exit
with an error stating which module is missing.
"""
optional_args = {
    'json': ('json/simplejson python module', json),
    'secure': ('SSL support', HTTPSConnection),
}

for arg, info in optional_args.items():
    if getattr(args, arg, False) and info[1] is None:
        raise SystemExit('%s is not installed. --%s is '
                         'unavailable' % (info[0], arg))

def printer(string, quiet=False, debug=False, error=False, **kwargs): “"”Helper function print a string with various features”””

if debug and not DEBUG:
    return

if debug:
    if sys.stdout.isatty():
        out = '\033[1;30mDEBUG: %s\033[0m' % string
    else:
        out = 'DEBUG: %s' % string
else:
    out = string

if error:
    kwargs['file'] = sys.stderr

if not quiet:
    print_(out, **kwargs)

def shell(): “"”Run the full speedtest.net test”””

global DEBUG
shutdown_event = threading.Event()

signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, ctrl_c(shutdown_event))

args = parse_args()

# Print the version and exit
if args.version:
    version()

if not args.download and not args.upload:
    raise SpeedtestCLIError('Cannot supply both --no-download and '
                            '--no-upload')

if len(args.csv_delimiter) != 1:
    raise SpeedtestCLIError('--csv-delimiter must be a single character')

if args.csv_header:
    csv_header(args.csv_delimiter)

validate_optional_args(args)

debug = getattr(args, 'debug', False)
if debug == 'SUPPRESSHELP':
    debug = False
if debug:
    DEBUG = True

if args.simple or args.csv or args.json:
    quiet = True
else:
    quiet = False

if args.csv or args.json:
    machine_format = True
else:
    machine_format = False

# Don't set a callback if we are running quietly
if quiet or debug:
    callback = do_nothing
else:
    callback = print_dots(shutdown_event)

printer('Retrieving speedtest.net configuration...', quiet)
try:
    speedtest = Speedtest(
        source_address=args.source,
        timeout=args.timeout,
        secure=args.secure
    )
except (ConfigRetrievalError,) + HTTP_ERRORS:
    printer('Cannot retrieve speedtest configuration', error=True)
    raise SpeedtestCLIError(get_exception())

if args.list:
    try:
        speedtest.get_servers()
    except (ServersRetrievalError,) + HTTP_ERRORS:
        printer('Cannot retrieve speedtest server list', error=True)
        raise SpeedtestCLIError(get_exception())

    for _, servers in sorted(speedtest.servers.items()):
        for server in servers:
            line = ('%(id)5s) %(sponsor)s (%(name)s, %(country)s) '
                    '[%(d)0.2f km]' % server)
            try:
                printer(line)
            except IOError:
                e = get_exception()
                if e.errno != errno.EPIPE:
                    raise
    sys.exit(0)

printer('Testing from %(isp)s (%(ip)s)...' % speedtest.config['client'],
        quiet)

if not args.mini:
    printer('Retrieving speedtest.net server list...', quiet)
    try:
        speedtest.get_servers(servers=args.server, exclude=args.exclude)
    except NoMatchedServers:
        raise SpeedtestCLIError(
            'No matched servers: %s' %
            ', '.join('%s' % s for s in args.server)
        )
    except (ServersRetrievalError,) + HTTP_ERRORS:
        printer('Cannot retrieve speedtest server list', error=True)
        raise SpeedtestCLIError(get_exception())
    except InvalidServerIDType:
        raise SpeedtestCLIError(
            '%s is an invalid server type, must '
            'be an int' % ', '.join('%s' % s for s in args.server)
        )

    if args.server and len(args.server) == 1:
        printer('Retrieving information for the selected server...', quiet)
    else:
        printer('Selecting best server based on ping...', quiet)
    speedtest.get_best_server()
elif args.mini:
    speedtest.get_best_server(speedtest.set_mini_server(args.mini))

results = speedtest.results

printer('Hosted by %(sponsor)s (%(name)s) [%(d)0.2f km]: '
        '%(latency)s ms' % results.server, quiet)

if args.download:
    printer('Testing download speed', quiet,
            end=('', '\n')[bool(debug)])
    speedtest.download(
        callback=callback,
        threads=(None, 1)[args.single]
    )
    printer('Download: %0.2f M%s/s' %
            ((results.download / 1000.0 / 1000.0) / args.units[1],
             args.units[0]),
            quiet)
else:
    printer('Skipping download test', quiet)

if args.upload:
    printer('Testing upload speed', quiet,
            end=('', '\n')[bool(debug)])
    speedtest.upload(
        callback=callback,
        pre_allocate=args.pre_allocate,
        threads=(None, 1)[args.single]
    )
    printer('Upload: %0.2f M%s/s' %
            ((results.upload / 1000.0 / 1000.0) / args.units[1],
             args.units[0]),
            quiet)
else:
    printer('Skipping upload test', quiet)

printer('Results:\n%r' % results.dict(), debug=True)

if not args.simple and args.share:
    results.share()

if args.simple:
    printer('Ping: %s ms\nDownload: %0.2f M%s/s\nUpload: %0.2f M%s/s' %
            (results.ping,
             (results.download / 1000.0 / 1000.0) / args.units[1],
             args.units[0],
             (results.upload / 1000.0 / 1000.0) / args.units[1],
             args.units[0]))
elif args.csv:
    printer(results.csv(delimiter=args.csv_delimiter))
elif args.json:
    printer(results.json())

if args.share and not machine_format:
    printer('Share results: %s' % results.share())

def main(): try: shell() except KeyboardInterrupt: printer(‘\nCancelling…’, error=True) except (SpeedtestException, SystemExit): e = get_exception() # Ignore a successful exit, or argparse exit if getattr(e, ‘code’, 1) not in (0, 2): msg = ‘%s’ % e if not msg: msg = ‘%r’ % e raise SystemExit(‘ERROR: %s’ % msg)

if name == ‘main’: main()