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This cheat sheet provides a quick reference for some common Bacula commands and concepts. Bacula is an open-source network backup solution that enables you to back up and recover data across a network of computers.


To use Bacula, you need to install it on a server. Installation methods vary depending on your operating system. Refer to the official Bacula documentation for installation instructions.

Bacula Concepts


Bacula consists of several components:

  • Director: Manages and schedules backup jobs.
  • Storage Daemon: Stores backup data on storage devices.
  • File Daemon: Runs on client machines and backs up data.
  • Catalog: Stores metadata about backup jobs.

Configuration Files

Bacula's configuration is defined in various configuration files:

  • bacula-dir.conf: Director configuration.
  • bacula-sd.conf: Storage Daemon configuration.
  • bacula-fd.conf: File Daemon (client) configuration.

Job Definitions

Jobs in Bacula define what to back up, when, and where to store the data.

  • Define a new backup job in bacula-dir.conf:
    JobDefs {
    Name = "DefaultJob"
    Type = Restore
    FileSet="Full Set"
    Schedule = "WeeklyCycle"
    Storage = File
    Messages = Standard
    Pool = Default
    Priority = 10


A FileSet is a collection of files and directories to back up.

  • Define a FileSet in bacula-dir.conf:
    FileSet {
    Name = "Full Set"
    Include {
    Options {
    signature = MD5
    File = /path/to/data


Schedules define when backup jobs should run.

  • Define a schedule in bacula-dir.conf:
    Schedule {
    Name = "WeeklyCycle"
    Run = Full 1st sat at 23:05


Storage defines where backup data should be stored and how to access it.

  • Define a storage device in bacula-sd.conf:
    Storage {
    Name = File
    Address = localhost
    SDPort = 9103
    Password = "password"
    Device = FileStorage
    Media Type = File

Bacula Command-Line

  • Start the Bacula Director service:

    sudo systemctl start bacula-dir
  • Start the Bacula Storage Daemon service:

    sudo systemctl start bacula-sd
  • Start the Bacula File Daemon service on a client:

    sudo systemctl start bacula-fd
  • Run a backup job:

    * run
  • Restore files from a backup:

    * restore
  • Check the status of Bacula components:

    * status


This cheat sheet covers some common Bacula commands and concepts. Bacula is a powerful network backup solution for data protection and recovery; refer to the official Bacula documentation for more in-depth information and advanced usage.